year or sidereal year [yir]
[ME yere < OE gear, akin to Ger jahr < IE * yēro-, year, summer (> Gr hōros, time, year, OSlav jara, spring) < base * ei-, to go (> L ire, to go): basic sense “that which passes”]
a) a period of 365 days (in a leap year, 366 days) divided into 12 months and regarded in the Gregorian calendar as beginning Jan. 1 and ending the following Dec. 31
b) a period of more or less the same length in other calendars
2. the period (365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, and 46 seconds of mean solar time) spent by the sun in making its apparent passage from vernal equinox to vernal equinox: the year of the seasons: also tropical year or equinoctial year or solar year
3. the period (365 days, 6 hours, 9 minutes, and 9.54 seconds of mean solar time) spent by the sun in its apparent passage from a fixed star and back to the same position again: it is the true period of the earth's revolution, and the difference in time between this and the tropical year is due to the precession of the equinoxes: also sidereal year
4. a period of 12 lunar months, as in the Jewish calendar: also lunar year
5. the period of time occupied by any planet in making one complete revolution from perihelion to perihelion: for the earth this period is 365 days, 6 hours, 13 minutes, and 53 seconds: it is slightly longer than the sidereal year due to the extra time needed to reach an advancing perihelion, the lag being caused by the gravitational pull of the other planets: also anomalistic year
6. a period of 12 calendar months reckoned from any date [a year from today]
7. a calendar year of a specified number in a particular era [the year 500 B.C.]
8. a particular annual period of less than 365 days [a school year]
9. [pl.]
a) age [old for his years]
b) time; esp., a long time [he died years ago]
year after year
every year or for many successive years
year by year
each year
year in, year out
every year

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

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  • year — [jɪə, jɜː ǁ jɪr] written abbreviation yr noun [countable] 1. also calendar year the period of time beginning on January 1 and ending on December 31: • The Small Business Administration arranged 55,000 small business loans last year. 2 …   Financial and business terms

  • Year — Year, n. [OE. yer, yeer, [yogh]er, AS. ge[ a]r; akin to OFries. i?r, g?r, D. jaar, OHG. j[=a]r, G. jahr, Icel. [=a]r, Dan. aar, Sw. [*a]r, Goth. j?r, Gr. ? a season of the year, springtime, a part of the day, an hour, ? a year, Zend y[=a]re year …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • year — /year/, n. 1. a period of 365 or 366 days, in the Gregorian calendar, divided into 12 calendar months, now reckoned as beginning Jan. 1 and ending Dec. 31 (calendar year or civil year). Cf. common year, leap year. 2. a period of approximately the …   Universalium

  • year — W1S1 [jıə, jə: US jır] n ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(12 months)¦ 2¦(january to december)¦ 3 years 4 all (the) year round 5 year by year 6 year after year/year in, year out 7¦(period of life/history)¦ 8 the school/academic year 9¦(s …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Year Up — is a nonprofit organization based in Boston, Massachusetts. Founded in 2000 by Harvard Business School graduate Gerald Chertavian, Year Up has sites in Boston and Cambridge, New York City, Providence and Washington, D.C. and is expanding to other …   Wikipedia

  • year — [ jır ] noun *** 1. ) count a period of 365 days, or 366 in a leap year, divided into 12 months: He lived in Paris for a few years. a ) used about a particular period of time, beginning on January 1 and ending on December 31, or between the first …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • YEAR — (Heb. שָׁנָה, shanah), the period during which the earth makes one complete revolution around the sun. This period corresponds roughly to 12 revolutions of the moon around the earth. The determination of the length of a year and its 12 parts for… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • year — (n.) O.E. gear (W.Saxon), ger (Anglian) year, from P.Gmc. *jæram year (Cf. O.S., O.H.G. jar, O.N. ar, Dan. aar, O.Fris. ger, Du. jaar, Ger. Jahr, Goth. jer year ), from PIE *yer o , from r …   Etymology dictionary

  • year — ► NOUN 1) the time taken by the earth to make one revolution around the sun. 2) (also calendar year) the period of 365 days (or 366 days in leap years) starting from the first of January, used for reckoning time in ordinary affairs. 3) a period… …   English terms dictionary

  • year|ly — «YIHR lee», adjective, adverb. –adj. 1. once a year; in every year: »He takes a yearly trip to the mountains from his home in the city. 2. lasting a year: »The earth makes a yearly revolution around the sun. 3. for a year: »He is paid a yearly… …   Useful english dictionary

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